Just walking through the city center was an experience……and you must remember to keep your nose up or you will miss a lot of things…..Terazije (literally Scales) is the central square and an urban neighborhood of Belgrade.
The building above is the Hotel Moscow, the biggest one in private possession in the Serbian Kingdom . Back then the building was named Rosija Palace. A hundred meters from it, on Terazije, was the King’s castle. On 16th of January 1908 Rosija Palace – nowadays Hotel Moscow, was opened by the King Petar I Karadjordjevic, with the orchestra. In Rosija Palace there was a hotel, café, restaurant, flats to rent and offices of Belgrade branch of Insurance company Rosija. The Hotel Moscow was built in the style of Russian secession, with skillfully combined elements of Greek antiquity. In the 20th century, Hotel Moscow became the most famous catering facility in Belgrade. In mid 20th century it was declared a monument of culture under the state protection.
When street numbers are assigned to the streets of Belgrade, numeration begins from the part of the street closest to Terazije. Terazije itself is also a short street, connected by the King Milan Street, the main street in Belgrade, to the Slavija square, by the Nikola Pašić Square to the King Alexander Boulevard, the longest street in Belgrade.
King Aleksandar Boulevard, with length of 7,5 kilometers, is the longest street entirely within the urban limits of Belgrade. Known for decades after the World War II as “Bulevar Revolucije” (Boulevard of the Revolution), it is so distinct in the Belgraders’ hearts and minds that they simply refer to it as Bulevar, although there are 20 boulevards in Belgrade.
Slavija Square (below) is a major commercial junction, situated between the intersections of Kralja Milana, Beogradska, Makenzijeva, Svetosavska, Bulevar oslobođenja, Deligradska and Nemanjina streets. The square was previously named Dimitrije Tucović Square after the prominent Serbian socialist, you can see a bronze bust of Tucović at the central square plateau. Slavija is one of the most vibrant traffic objects in Belgrade, being one of the major squares of Belgrade. It is one of the rare traffic routes in the city where all three types of public transportation (buses, trolleybuses and trams) meet. Due to the general inadequacy of the city’s transportation, traffic jams are regular on the square and especially hard if helped by some additional reason (bad weather, snow, etc.)
Yugoslav drama theatre was established in 1947 with an intention of consolidating actors and writers from all over the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The first art director was Bojan Stupica. The theatre’s main stage did not operate from 1997 until 2003, as the building had burnt down in a fire. On October 17, 1997, the Yugoslav Drama Theater was met with a real tragedy – in a huge fire the Great Stage was fire-gutted. The Management of the Theater had been warning the public and prominent officials for a long time that the building had had old electrical installations. In the meanwhile, the performances were played on the stage of “Bojan Stupica” Theater. The Theater was left without the great stage, the head office building, makeup-room, dressing rooms, bathrooms, a club, adequate space for the holdings and the library… The reconstructed Yugoslav Drama Theater was open on May 32, 2003, with the opening night of the play “The Patriots” by Jovan Sterija Popović, staged by Dejan Mijač. Since then, the few parts of the old building that survived the fire are protected under a glass.
Just at the corner of the theatre there’s the Beogradjanka, officially the Belgrade Palace, a modern highrise building. Its height is 101m (331 ft) and 24 floors and has an antenna on its roof extending the height to 127 m (417 ft). The building’s construction lasted from 1969 to 1974. The designer of the building was Branko Pešić, the Mayor of Belgrade at the time. It rises in the heart of the old City Square, stretching from Terazije to Slavija Square, with an emphasised aspiration to dominate with its high 24-story portion as the city’s reference point. It also has a restaurant at the top level which has been closed since the 1990s for safety reasons. From 1974 to 1980, the Beogradjanka was Belgrade’s tallest building.
The building is almost completely owned and operated by the City of Belgrade. The first five floors are occupied by the Beograd Department store. The offices of Studio B and the Kosovo TV station are located on the higher floors. There are also business premises, as well as the head offices of IKEA for Serbia, and other Belgrade media are also located in the building. Blic Daily still has some offices in the Beogradjanka although they have moved most of their businesses to a new building.
From here and back towards the pedestrial zone of Knez Mihailova, we met lots of very interesting and beautiful buildings…………
Out of the pedestrian zone there’s one of the many entries of a beautiful park……but that’s another story for another post……