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Monthly Archives: October 2015

Last bike ride

Last sunday we had our final bikers’ reunion of the year. The place is always the same, Goito, near Mantua. I’ve already posted about the event and the village of Goito, so this time, it’s just about some phtotos at random…the market, with local and italian products, from bread and marinated beans, to sundried tomatoes….

from salami and different kinds of cheese…..

to a large range of products made with almonds…

In the main square there’s the City Hall building, and in the groundfloor they prepared a local painter’s exhibition….

We had lunch at a new restaurant…….typical Mantua sausages risotto…

fried polenta with a mushrooms cream…..

some cheese with a few taste of mostarda….

After lunch we just walked around….along the Mincio river, discovering hidden treasures, meeting new two-legs friends, entering an old wooden stable….

ending up with some frequent visitors of bikers meetings….

And maybe this is a sign from Norway? We’re seriouly thinking about next year summer vacation there…..

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Posted by on October 29, 2015 in Uncategorized

 

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Quote of the week

“The past is never dead. It’s not even past.”
(William Faulkner)
 
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Posted by on October 28, 2015 in Uncategorized

 

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Fried ricotta

Per 4 servings

  • 1 lb ricotta cheese
  • 2 eggs
  • 3 ½ oz breadcrumbs
  • 2 tablespoons durum wheat flour
  • 1 pinch salt
  • frying oil
Cut the Ricotta (which must be quite firm and preferably from ewe’s milk) into slices that are not too thin, coat in flour, then beaten egg and bread crumbs, and fry in abundant boiling oil. As soon as they become golden, remove with a slotted spoon, drain on a sheet of absorbent kitchen paper, and salt. Ricotta, prepared in this way, golden and crunchy outside, maintains all of its softness and creaminess inside.
 
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Posted by on October 26, 2015 in Uncategorized

 

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A cemetery….I know, weird post…

“La Villetta” cemetery was built from 1819 onwards at the request of the Duchess Marie Louise of Austria – Napoleon’s wife – in San Pellegrino and according to a project carried out by the municipal engineer G. Cocconcelli. The cemetery takes its name from the place chosen for its construction: as a matter of fact, the area which became a graveyard in 1817 was initially occupied by a suburban villa owned by the Jesuits.
The perimetric octagon was realised directly on the enclosed ground, bought by the Council with the direct participation of private citizens. At the same time, church burials were banned. The general idea and choice of location brought to an end a debate dating back to 1750, of which there are still drawings and a report.


The graveyard presents neatly organised areas and objects, and in addition to a social hierarchy, it shows its urban communities and their values. It is, in short, a city within the city, where physical divisions and typological characteristics mirror those of the society of the living. Burials are separated according to class, creed and reasons of death.
The neoclassical influence is clearly identifiable in the architectural style, which is also commonly found in many representative buildings erected by Marie Louise as well as in other cemeteries of Italy – i.e. in Turin and Genoa. In such places, the composite rules are based on symmetries and give birth to geometrically designed structures .
In Parma too, the elements characterising the new cemetery are the following: a surrounding wall, a small building at the entrance and a funerary chapel initially intended for the centre of the graveyard. In such a project – dated 1817 – the typical forms of the Enlightenment tradition leave space for the new neoclassical architectures. The final project signed by Cocconcelli suggests a shape inspired by courtly typology – an octagon with a portico which alternates four long sides and four shorter ones, with “the Chapel in front of the entrance, so that the global view of the cemetery is clearer (…)”. The perimetric portico is made of 156 bays with pillars and round arches, and destined for religious and lay brotherhoods, the city’s aristocracy. Only in part, were these owned by the council which could lease wall niches in perpetuity or for a limited period of time.
Brought to an end in 1823, the surrounding wall was the first part to be built. After that, little by little, arcades and crypts were added – the first being those along the entrance and the chapel. The work continued gradually and the whole structure was completed in 1876, thanks to the help of the owners and according to a common architectural scheme. Although subjected to the authority of a special committee, the internal decoration was free, provided a free passage along the porch was maintained.


Along the octagon we can find functional architectures, the death chamber and the Oratory.
The Oratory is dedicated to St. Gregory Magnus and is a square-plan building with a central octagonal space – which recalls the surrounding cemetery wall – and a tetra-style Doric pronaos with a neoclassical gable. It was realised along the perimeter of the octagon in the middle of the west side, in line with the main entrance, with a view to creating a scenic perspective which could regulate the angular balance of the enclosure. Dating back to 1818, the project was carried out between 1819 and 1823 and can now be found at the State Archives. The inclined shorter sides and the square-shaped surrounding wall, limited to the octagon, form four triangular spaces that were to serve four different functions: the south-east section accommodated the ossuary; the south-west part Jewish and evangelical burials; the north-west section all those who were condemned to death and who had committed suicide – an area of this section was also reserved for the executioner and his family; and, finally, the north-east section sheltered, as in limbo, stillborn children or unchristened ones.


The fundamental lay institution of the cemetery was adapted to the people’s creed – mostly Catholic, which later determined a specific feature of the city of Parma. As a matter of fact, the area dedicated to “those who do not follow our religion…” had an independent entrance, with respect to the other three spaces and to what was actually decided in the initial project. Although the French government had granted Jews the liberty to reside in the city, non-catholic communities had not yet been fully integrated.
The area was soon insufficient for the needs of non-catholic communities. Therefore, in 1865, a project was presented for a new Jewish cemetery. It was intended to be built outside the squared enclosure of the Villetta, near the modern non-catholic section. It is in this area that, still today, we can find the most ancient graves – dating back to 1870 – 1910. In 1875/76 the Jewish sector was separated from that of the Protestants by a wall.


The growth of the cemetery, from the primitive octagonal porch, had started long before the arcades had been completed.
The interior is divided into four yards by two perpendicular boulevards and was intended to accommodate common people’s tombs. Monuments, as well, were to stand on the two sides of the main boulevard – linking the entrance and the Oratory.
The cemetery regulation issued by Marie Louise also defined the tree species allowed to overshadow the graves: in particular those which grew perpendicularly, such as cypresses and Lombardy poplars.
In 1862 the cemetery was linked to the closer city door by a boulevard, “a superb alley flanked by cypresses” designed as an element of continuity between the city and the cemetery. Also, its magnificence could provide the path with an adequate decorum with respect to the importance of its architectural destination. At the same time, it contributed to the solemnity of the funeral rites.


In the Deliberation of Marie Louise dated 31st August 1819 – article 8, we can read that the construction of the arches inside the octagon was to begin at the same time in the two parts near the entrance, but that it should be financed entirely by the citizens. “Those who require an arch must personally declare they arewilling to build it at their own expense, and only after the first notice received by the Potestà. If they fail to do that within three days of receipt of the notice, they will lose their right and have to reproduce another declaration anew”.
The construction continued according to the initial project: “The arcades will be uniform and built according to the intended project – registered at the Potestà’s offices and communicated to the participants along with the estimation of expenses”.
In articles 6 and 7 we can read that the arcades have to be built completely at the applicants’ expense. The applicants can decide to commission the work as they like, as long as an architect of the municipality is responsible for the work: each applicant is required to pay to the municipality a sum of 14.9 lira – a third of the area devoted to the construction of the portico, according to the survey carried out”. Therefore, inside the portico, everyone was free to decide the type of ornaments they preferred, as long as they left a free passage from one arch to the other and provided that they submitted their project for its approval to the President of the home office, who will only return it after getting the approval from the School of Fine Arts.
Whoever wanted a porch in the cemetery for a “particular grave” had to declare his wishes to the office of the Potestà for them to be registered there. Today, in one of the remaining registers, there is still some trace of the names of these owners – both private citizens but also Orders, Brotherhoods, Guilds and the Municipality. In July 1820, 21 arches had already been built at the request of the Constantine Order of St George, the Benedictine Monks, the Canonical Section of the Cathedral, the Consortium of the Cathedral, the Priests’ Board and the University…

In order to meet with the growing demand for new graves, as soon as the porched octagon was finished in 1876, the first surrounding wall of the Jesuit house was demolished. A first series of enlargements began.
The project designed by Sante Bergamaschi (Head Engineer of the Office of Municipal Arts) in 1872 projects the construction of two twin galleries with a Latin cross plan, placed northward and southward along the transverse axis of the octagon. These could be reached from the enclosure by means of two openings in the central arches of each portico. The above-mentioned galleries were constructed in different decades and, consequently, their height varied. In fact, today we have two different images and spaces: the southern gallery, built between 1876 and 1884, is mostly neoclassical and has a lower barrel vault. The norther gallery, based on a project dated 1893 and finished in 1899 but built only in 1905, shows the peculiarity of eclectic stylistic elements, such as rounded arches.
The two galleries, along with the octagon and the entrance, constitute the four pivots of the new cemetery, inside of which the enclosure still has the role of a regulating structure. In 1905 a project for the two risalits of the entrance was carried out. These were later built in 1913 – to be refurbished in 1980. Today, they accommodate the porter’s lodge. In 1909 the building surveyor Ennio Monieri designed the mortuary chamber, next to which a modern post-mortem death chamber was added in 1935.
At the beginning of the XX Century we have the first burials in the yard around the two main galleries. In 1921 a decision was taken to enlarge the cemetery towards the little river Cinghio’s bed. The last enlargement, strictly linked to the octagon, was carried out in 1931 with the construction of the south-east gallery. This was placed in a triangle formed between the inside of the octagon and the squared enclosure of the arcade. The project was realised by the Eng. Angelo Bay and shows a cross-plan building, with two identical wings and an octagonal tambour on the cross.
The interior shows an eclectic taste, whereas the external, all in plastered masonry, shows some more modern decorations, especially belonging to the late Art Nouveau style.

Nonetheless, the need for new graves was not even met with the construction of the south-east gallery,. In actual fact, new enlargements were carried out in the following years,. the majority of which were was designed to be independent from the monumental octagon: the perametric northern gallery (1934-39), the southern yard, the A section (1962-66), the B section (1967-77), St Joseph (1978), St Peregrine (1979), up to the most recent enlargement project (the construction of the new St. Peregrine (2008).
Therefore, some building was carried out in order to meet the need for new graves. Among these interventions, we find the reconstruction of the north-west triangular area (originally designed to accommodate those who were condemned to death, who committed suicide, executioners with their families) into what is today known as the Cloister of Padre Lino (1947) (photo below). Subsequently, the cemetery started to expand southward, with the construction of columbaria and southern yards (1950-60).

Among others graves, ones of the most visited are one of the famous Borbone family’s member…

…the one commemorating the partisans…

the grave of the actress Paola Borboni

the one of Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa

and the grave of Niccolò Paganini


At the beginning of the 20th Century we saw the first constructions of monuments for the burial of entire families. This phenomenon soon turned the grassy lawns into diversely and densely built-up areas. The period between 1925 and 1940 saw the greatest fervour in building new graves: this is clearly evident by observing the chapel’s style. It is also possible that the granting of new land to private citizens had supported the northern enlargement, which occurred more or less in the same years……

I know someone could call me weird, but I’ve always find it extremely peaceful and relaxing walking through a cemetery, especially the monumental ones. I visited cemeteries all around Europe, so different and so alike at the same time….after all as someone once said it’s the livings we should be afraid of, not the dead ones…..

 
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Posted by on October 24, 2015 in Uncategorized

 

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My day at Expo 2015

Expo, or World Expositions….finally we got the chance, last tuesday, to visit this year edition in Milan. We woke up early but not early enough, because when we arrived at the gates of the Trade Fair place, we had to stay in queue for almost two hours before having our tickets validated….luckily for us it was a warm and sunny day…

Expo Milano 2015 is the Universal Exhibition that Milan, is hosting from May 1 to October 31, 2015. Over this six-month period, Milan becomes a global showcase where more than 140 participating countries show the best of their technology that offers a concrete answer to a vital need: being able to guarantee healthy, safe and sufficient food for everyone, while respecting the Planet and its equilibrium. In addition to the exhibitor nations, the Expo also involves international organizations, and expects to welcome over 20 million visitors to its 1.1 million square meters of exhibition area. “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life” is the core theme of Expo Milano 2015. This common thread runs through all the events organized both within and outside the official Exhibition Site. A platform for the exchange of ideas and shared solutions on the theme of food, stimulating each country’s creativity and promoting innovation for a sustainable future, Expo 2015 gives everyone the opportunity to find out about, and taste, the world’s best dishes, while discovering the best of the agri-food and gastronomic traditions of each of the exhibitor countries.

We knew that try to visit the biggest pavillions was useless, the waiting lines for such as Japan, China, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, South Korea, Brasil, Russia, Italy and others, were estimated between 2 and 6 hours….no way! So we decided to just have a stroll around, looking at all the amazing architecture of the pavillions, and try to enter into the smaller ones.

Curated by Davide Rampello and designed by Michele de Lucchi, Pavilion Zero provides an introduction to the Expo Milano 2015 Site. Pavilion Zero takes the visitor on a captivating journey to explore how much humankind has produced, the transformation of natural landscape, and the culture and rituals of food consumption. The explicit commitment undertaken by Expo Milano 2015 since the early phases of its candidacy, has been to produce a great event, focusing on respect for the environment, local communities and where they live. Sustainability is a central pillar of this commitment, an overarching, universal value that permeates all aspects of the Expo starting with the theme “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life”, projected into a sustainable future for the planet and society as a whole.
In particular, the environmental commitment of Expo 2015 SpA takes form in the implementation of criteria of sustainability applied to all aspects and the entire lifecycle of the event, in order to prevent, mitigate or compensate any possible negative impact on the environment or on local communities.

The major artery of the exposition, the Decumano (above). In many modern cities, the cross, typical of the roman camp – or castrum – is still evident as the form of the town. It was a distinctive perpendicular shape and the two street crossings were known as the Cardo and the Decumano. This shape has been the inspiration for the building of the Expo Milano 2015 Exposition Site. This very simple shape was chosen with the aim of helping visitors find their directions through events and shows, and participant countries as they display their products.

 The main street, the Decumano, crosses the whole site from east to west for one and a half kilometers. On either side of the Decumano, are the national pavilions of the participant countries, and of 130, around 60 will develop a self-built pavilion. All others will be inside a Cluster. Symbolically the Decumano connects to the place where food is consumed (the city) and the place where food is produced (the countryside).
As the other main street that crosses the Decumano, the Cardo is 350 meters long. It connects the exposition site from the north to the south where the Italian Pavilion is located. In this area, called Palazzo Italia, all the cultures and traditions, typical of the Italian food industry, are showcased.
 The Angola Pavillion
Brazil
Vietnam
 
Lao, one of the countries of the rice cluster
A rural landscape that conveys the feel of the vastness, the colors, and scents of rice fields, greets visitors as they begin their journey into the world of rice. The Rice Cluster will also illustrate how rice grows, including how the water covers and protects the seedlings.
Rice is both adaptable and nutritious. This is why, more than 10,000 years ago, people started cooking and eating rice. The first kind was, it is believed, what we would call a Chinese-type rice. This variety has since spread worldwide from the valleys of China, and is still being enjoyed today as a key element of many cuisines.
Given our knowledge of the history of rice and the countless varieties that are available, it is imperative that we appreciate the central role that this cereal plays in enriching biodiversity. Within the Rice Cluster, the visitor will have the chance to time-travel and see how people in different countries have, over the years, come up with innovative ways to cultivate rice.
as it is Bangladesh (there I bought basmati rice and so many different kind of spices – I guess that on my way home I made all the train stink!) Other countries are Cambodia, Myanmar and Sierra Leone.
Cluster of coffee (I bought some vanilla and cinnamon coffee here).Taking its inspiration from the vast coffee plantations located at the edges of the tropical forests of Africa and Central America, this cluster’s architecture evokes the highest branches of the trees in the shade which the coffee plants grow, with the pavilions serving as a metaphor for these tree trunks. The Coffee Cluster is characterized by warm and natural colors that change according to the changing light that filters through the roof, giving visitors the illusion of being in a real forest. Created in collaboration with the International Coffee Organization (ICO), this Cluster narrates the past, present, and future of coffee, focusing on three areas: “the product and its journey from bean to cup” – “the creativity, art and culture that have developed around the coffee-drinking ritual” – “the stories and traditions of the countries of coffee farmers and consumers”. The countries in this cluster are Burundi, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, Yemen and Timor-Lest

Below, the italian companies of the cocoa and chocolate cluster.

The pavilions, all of a similar size and color, are identified by the exhibitor country’s flag and name. Display panels featuring drawings, icons, and images tell the many stories of cacao: from cultivation, via processing and transport, to distribution worldwide. In the Cluster, the tasting and relaxation area is linked to the section set aside for events, and also to the space where demonstrations related to cocoa and chocolate will take place.
Cacao was cultivated for many thousands of years by a number of pre-Columbian peoples, and featured as a key component of Maya and Aztec diet and culture. One of the many uses to which the Aztecs put cacao was as an ingredient in the drink known as “xocolātl”. Another traditional recipe combined cocoa and chili. Whether used for food or drink, or in exchange for other goods, cocoa soon became a symbol of energy, fertility, and life. Cocoa’s popularity has not dwindled and, indeed, is the main ingredient of chocolate, one of the world’s best-loved foods. The cocoa employed to make the chocolate that we eat, or drink, derives from the cacao fruit. Cacao is grown in more than 30 emerging countries, the crop serving, in many cases, to sustain their economies.

Gabon pavillion (we bought cocoa biscuits) and the others are Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Cuba, Ghana and Sao Tome and Principe.
 We had lunch on the Eataly pavillion terrace (the pavillion is divided into Italy regions’ sections – we choose Basilicata, in honour of my daughter bf)
Instead of dessert or ice-cream, we opted for a special italian treat, “farinata ligure” (the name can vary because it’s a dish from several italian regions)
With a very full stomach, we continued on our walk, discovering other countries along the way….
Azerbaijan
Afghanistan (you see the bags hanging in in the second pic? my daughter is the proud owner of one of them now)
Vanuatu (just in case you, like me, don’t know exactly where it is….) with Afghanistan in the cluster of spices. Spices are no longer the impetus of conquest and colonization they once were, but they continue to suffuse cuisines worldwide. Spices have long defined the rich, complex South India cuisine—known for its hot red chilies and saffron-hued turmeric that are produced in the region—spices that also seem to be echoed throughout this multilayered culture. With Afghanistan and Vanuatu there are also Brunei Darussalam and Tanzania in this cluster. Walking through these pavillions we were literally trasported in another world, so intense were the fragrances and the different aromas…..I have now a little sachet of hot red curry, I’ll let you know….
 
 my daughter in front of the UK Pavillion
Poland 
Holy See Pavillion (and nope, the Pope hasn’t visited yet…)
 
France (at 4.00pm – 2 hours to enter)
Israel (same time of the day – same 2 hours in line)
Italy Pavillion, the most visited – 4 hours to enter, but now it’s official: Italy pavilion, Pavilion Zero and the Tree of Life will stay forever after the closing of the exposition, so maybe next year we will be back to visit them.

The Tree of Life, the most known installation. Located at the northernmost point of the Cardo, is the Lake Arena. This pond, which is approximately 90 meters wide, is encircled by a seating area, bordered by around 100 trees, placed in three concentric circles, and accommodates approximately 3,000 people. The bottom of the pond is filled with dark pebbles to create a mirror effect. At the center of the pond there are fountains and the Tree of Life. During the day the three and a half minute show takes place every hour, from 11:00 until 19:00. The evening shows are longer, lasting 12 and half minutes and take place from Monday to Friday at 20.30, 21.00, 21.30, 22.00. On Saturday and Sunday the light show takes place at:  20.30, 21.00, 21.30, 22.00, 22.30. The show features lighting, special effects, fireworks and music. During the day you can listen to five songs by contemporary Italian artists while in the evening the “Tree of Life Suite” accompanies the show, a piece composed by Maestro Roberto Cacciapaglia for the Expo. Constructed by Orgoglio Brescia, a consortium of local businesses, and some 37 metres tall, this wood and steel structure forms part of the metaphor of the Plant Nursery, which informs the concept of the Italian Pavilion. The structure of the Tree of Life takes its cue from the Renaissance. Indeed, Marco Balich based his design on designs by Michelangelo. We attended one of the short programs, (look at my IG) and it was stunning! See here for the long ones.

Not that I fully understand why the Coca-Cola Company was present (or McDonald) and with a very long line outside, but here it is….

The inside of the Algeria pavillion (below), that with Albania, Egypt, Greece, Lebanon, Malta, Montenegro, San Marino, Serbia and Tunisia forms the cluster of Bio-Mediterraneum. 

The concept of this Cluster is based upon Mediterranean cuisine and the way of life in this area, with a special emphasis on participation and integration. The Cluster aims to recreate the colors, tastes, and aromas that are typical of Mediterranean countries and their cultures. Evoking the image of typical Mediterranean towns, this Cluster features a large main central square, onto which face four buildings where visitors can sample and purchase local foods and other products. The main square is paved in various shades of blue, reminiscent of the Mediterranean sea.
The Mediterranean sea connects three continents: Europe, Africa, and Asia. This region is a melting pot of populations where history, civilizations, and the natural environment have blended over time. Food has played a vital role in helping to preserve the unique qualities of this area and, over many centuries, a wide array of food traditions have formed, based on local resources such as wheat, olives, and grapes.
In the Mediterranean area, a meal is seen as an essential aspect of social and cultural life. The main characteristic of the Mediterranean diet is that of taking the time to enjoy a meal, replete with the local rituals connected to the communal eating experience.
The people of the Mediterranean area probably spend more time preparing and eating their meals than do those anywhere else in the world. The Mediterranean diet is not only considered healthy but it also protects agricultural biodiversity, while local cultivation methods respect criteria for sustainability.
The Islands, Sea and Food Cluster includes Cape Verde, Caribbean Community (Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname), Comoros, Guinea Bissau, Madagascar, Maldives and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The Islands, Sea and Food Cluster concept is based on this concept of, “feeding the spirit” via sounds, colors, and aromas. The sound of rushing water, the crunch of footsteps on gravel, and hammering on wood convey a sense of the harmony typically found within the countries belonging to this Cluster. We had the most amazing experience here, the people of these countries is so very smiling, and warm and welcoming. We talked with a boy from the Comoros with the most stunning blue eyes I’ve ever seen! Now we own some bijoux made of woods and horns, too bad the rhum wasn’t for sale!
 
U.S.A Pavillion
Turkey (with my daughter again)
The second place as the most visited pavilion is up to Japan, at 4.00pm the waiting line to enter was about 4 hours….
Expo Milano 2015 offers the opportunity to learn about the cultures of the world starting from the palate. At the Universal Exposition of Milan over 70 restaurants will take you to 70 different places in the world, offering you the possibility of enjoying over 70 different and unknown tastes and cultures, or taking you back to an experience of the past. All this through the culture of food. From zebra meat to Argentine beef, from crispy sweet and sour chicken to curry, from falafel to hummus, from noodles to rice, from cassava flour to corn flour, from sushi ice cream, to crocodile burgers and… much more. A clever mix of flavors, aromas, scents and ingredients that represent the cuisines from all around the world. Actually walking around the first stimulated sense is the sense of smell….so many fragrances in the air, all mixed up and so intense…
Estonia Pavilion
the stunning Qatar Pavilion…………
…and the Oman one make you feel like you’re lost in some desert oasis….
We entered the Turkmenistan Pavilion………..
up till the terrace where you can see a traditional hut set in a garden, a traditional carpet design made of leds and enjoy a beautiful view over the Decumano…
The Indonesia Pavilion is where we had our spicy dinner, so so good
It was a long and tiring day, but a very thrilling experience for both of us, it was like taking a trip around the globe in just one place!. I’m so glad that what we taught to our daughter has made roots in her soul, she is so hungry to discover the new……All the differences in the world just make us richer, we just have to keep our minds and hearts open……….
For more about all the countries present at the exposition and which theme they choose, read here.

 

 
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Posted by on October 23, 2015 in Uncategorized

 

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Quote of the week

“Friendship multiplies the good of life and divides the evil.”
(Baltasar Gracian)
 
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Posted by on October 21, 2015 in Uncategorized

 

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Bruschettas Puglia-style

Serves 6:

  • 6 slices wholewheat bread, stale
  • fresh tomato
  • extra virgin olive oil
  • oregano
  • basil
  • onion, chopped
  • 2 cloves of garlic
Preparation is quite easy, but it is important to use whole-wheat bread baked in a wood oven, which can be very difficult to find. Bread slices can be toasted but the bread itself must be stale. Lightly soak the bread in water, so that it softens a bit (be careful it does not get soggy); on each slice put chopped garlic and juicy tomatoes cut in half and rub these on the bread so that the tomato seeds and juice are spread on the slices. Sprinkle some oregano a bit of chopped onion on top, and finally remove the tomato halves. The bread slices must be left to rest for at least two hours before being served, so that the bread soaks up all the flavors. The preparation can be varied by eliminating the onion and garlic, adding some mild chili, basil, chopped celery leaves or bits of dried or salted anchovies previously boned and chopped.
 
 
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Posted by on October 19, 2015 in Uncategorized